An Epstein pearl refers to a small, yellowish cyst, which is very commonly seen in newborns. They are harmless, and heal on their own. The following AptParenting article provides a brief overview of the same.
In newborns, whitish-yellow cysts generally appear on the roof of the mouth and/or on the gums. These are called Epstein pearls, and are observed in more than 80% of newborns. These are protein-filled, benign cysts, and are also known as gingival cysts.
These cysts contain epithelial cells that are trapped in a pocket of the skin. They are mostly found along the midline of the palate. When the halves of the palate fuse during early fetal development, a small part of the epithelium may get trapped within the skin pockets, giving rise to Epstein pearls.
There are no specific symptoms associated with this condition. They appear like solid bumps on the roof of the mouth, or on the gums. These small spots are barely noticeable, and often look like emerging teeth. Many mothers tend to confuse them with a candida infection or oral thrush.
Epstein pearls in newborns do not need any treatment. They go away on their own within a few weeks. They may also subside due to friction when the baby feeds.
You do not need to worry about Epstein pearls if you spot them in your baby. However, if you have any concerns regarding the same, speak about it to a health care professional during your baby’s routine examination.
Disclaimer: This AptParenting article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.